Psychosis is a severe condition that can be brought upon by using amphetamine. It is described as a condition that affects the mind, and it happens when there has been a loss of contact with reality. It can impact the perception and understanding of what is real or not. The most common symptoms of psychosis include the individual experiencing hallucinations and delusions. A hallucination is the perception of various types of sensory stimulation when that stimulation does not exist.
Someone who has hallucinations will hear, see, or feel things that are not present in reality. Hallucinations can occur as a result of stimulant abuse and are often said to be visual or auditory.
Delusions refer to fixed beliefs that are more than likely, not true. In many cases, there may be some truth tied to the fallacy, but they become exaggerated and unrealistic. When somebody has a somatic delusion, they may have a physical condition, but the delusion will exaggerate any real situation significantly.
There are different categories when it comes to delusions, which include:
Commonly, people experiencing psychosis are unaware of their wild beliefs. It even occurs in those who are using drugs. In some individuals, there may be a period when a person recognizes the voices, visions, or beliefs stem from their drug use.
Psychosis development in those who use different drugs is more common than most would believe. Unfortunately, it can occur in those who use drugs for medicinal purposes.
When people can’t determine their psychotic experiences are a result of their drug use, they will be diagnosed with a substance/medication-induced psychotic disorder. It involves having hallucinations or delusions and experiencing symptoms during the intoxication or withdrawal phase of abuse. The symptoms are not due to other conditions, such as a medical disorder or psychiatric condition.
Research indicates that the prevalence of psychosis symptoms induced by stimulant drugs may be as high as 50 percent in those who take stimulants recreationally. Unfortunately, the number remains the same for those who use stimulants medicinally.
Using and abusing stimulant drugs is known to have adverse effects and induce psychosis. Amphetamine psychosis has served as a model to understand psychotic disorders like schizophrenia better.
The difference in the types of psychotic symptoms produced may only vary slightly by different substances, but all stimulants have the capability of producing psychotic effects – these include delusions, mania, hallucinations, aggressiveness, and acting erratically.
The most common stimulant drugs that produce psychosis include:
There are distinct signs of amphetamine psychosis that you should familiarize yourself with. They include:
When someone using stimulants for prolonged periods develops psychotic symptoms, there are some steps you must take, which include:
You should never attempt to self-medicate by using other drugs like alcohol or central nervous system (CNS) depressants. The decision should be made by a medical professional that can thoroughly assess their current needs.
Someone experiencing psychotic symptoms has likely been using dangerously high amounts of stimulants. It could indicate they have been using the drug for an extended period. Those who mix other drugs with stimulants are more likely to feel psychotic effects. Polysubstance abuse is extremely dangerous.
Formal drug treatment drug psychosis is the use of antipsychotic medications. Medical experts will use an antipsychotic that addresses dopamine. Doctors will also provide fluids to lower body temperature, control blood pressure, and reduce stimulation. It will allow the individuals natural detox process to eliminate the stimulant drug.
Anyone who has been using massive doses of stimulants may indicate that have developed a substance use disorder involving amphetamines. It is an issue that must be addressed promptly to avoid further damage moving down. Addiction is a severe disease, and those in the midst of an amphetamine addiction must reach out for the proper treatment.
Thirthalli, J., & Benegal, V. (2006, May). Psychosis among substance users. from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16612208
Smith, M. J., Thirthalli, J., Abdallah, A. B., Murray, R. M., & Cottler, L. B. (2009). Prevalence of psychotic symptoms in substance users: A comparison across substances. from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2743957/
Kiran, C., & Chaudhury, S. (2009, January). Understanding delusions. from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3016695/
Bramness, J. G., Gundersen, Ø H., Guterstam, J., Rognli, E. B., Konstenius, M., Løberg, E., . . . Franck, J. (2012, December 05). Amphetamine-induced psychosis–a separate diagnostic entity or primary psychosis triggered in the vulnerable? from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3554477/
What is Psychosis? (n.d.). from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/raise/what-is-psychosis.shtml